Infrastructure Security and Resilience

Protecting the modern power grid from cyber and physical threats

The power grid has vulnerabilities that can be exploited by manmade and natural events. INL plays a leading role in protecting the modern power grid from cyber and physical threats. INL innovative technology solutions include intelligent sensors that enhance the resilience and security of the smart grid, secure control systems that reduce the threat of cyberattacks, and physical devices and barriers that protect substations and transformers from geomagnetic disturbance and ballistic attacks. 


Power Grid Transformation

Ongoing DOE-supported grid security programs and projects include:

INL grid security research and technologies include:

Infrastructure Resilience Analysis

Critical infrastructure analysis enables stakeholders to improve resilience and disaster preparation through assessment, dependency analysis and visualization, mapping, and geospatial analysis.  Some examples of tabletop exercises and risk management tools include: 

Full-scale Critical Infrastructure Testing

The nation’s electric power grid consists of thousands of miles of high-voltage power lines, substations, distribution transformers, and millions of miles of low-voltage power lines providing electricity to homes, businesses and communities. 

Industrial control systems are at the heart of this network, controlling the flow of power and regulating safety and reliability.

Modeling and Simulation Tools

Researchers use the Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS),  a physics-based simulator for enhancing the security of the nation’s electric power grid and related control systems including supervisory control and data acquisition systems. Engineers use it to visualize the effects of power grid failures. 

  • Vessel Routing & Suitability Tool– A rapid decision support tool for maritime transportation system emergencies.
  • Modeling and Simulation for Target Electrical Resilience and Reliability Improvements (MASTERRI)  –Integrated grid resilience modeling suite that merges physics-based power flow and contingency analysis, probabilistic risk assessment and resilience adaptive capacity tools to analyze power utility systems to improve power grid resilience
Idaho National Laboratory