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Advancing Our Warfighters With Formidable Combat Solutions

INL applies our capabilities in vulnerability analysis and full-scale explosives testing facilities combined with award-winning technology and fabrication departments to create a distinctive location for developing and testing new protective systems for military forces, law-enforcement agencies, homeland security personnel and industry partners.

  • Materials research and armor development
  • Advanced modeling and simulation
  • Testing and evaluation
  • A secure site for rapid armor prototypes and limited-run productions.
  • Explosives ranges to test prototypes against explosive charges up to 20,000 pounds of TNT equivalent.


INL engineers and materials scientists are designing, validating, and manufacturing unique armor prototypes that increase protection while simultaneously reducing weight and production costs. Over the last 25 years, many of the lab’s armor designs have been used around the world to safeguard people, vehicles, and facilities.

INL manufactures the battle-proven armor for the U.S. Army’s Abrams battle tanks. We’ve designed and validated lightweight, bullet-trapping armor for law enforcement watercraft, outfitted remote weapons systems with large-caliber, ballistic-resistant protection, and hardened critical facilities to defend against explosively formed projectiles (EFP) and shaped-charges threats.


  • Create custom armor applications with ceramic, metallic, and composite materials.
  • Patent and license armor designs from material bonding and encapsulation research.
  • Model armor designs using ABAQUS/ Explicit, LS-DYNA, CTH, ALEGRA, SHAMRC, and ALE-3D.
  • Validate armor against explosive and ballistic threats like rocket-propelled grenades, EFPs, armor piercing, and fragment-simulating projectiles.
  • Capture and analyze the interaction between penetrators and armor systems.
  • Capture and record ballistic events up to 1 million frames per second with high-speed cameras.

INL has a National Security Test Range, where full–scale defense systems can be analyzed and tested under real–world conditions. The flexibility of the test range accommodates custom test setups for diverse development and testing campaigns. 

INL’s test range capabilities are regularly utilized by DOE to gather data for vulnerability assessments and security plans. Security experts and materials researchers utilize high-performance computing tools to simulate and predict explosive events using computational terminal ballistic models. 

INL’s isolated landscape and nuclear materials inventory supports real-world weapons of mass destruction training exercises. Sessions include a mixture of classroom and field exercises taught by experts with backgrounds in radiological detection, measurement and interrogation techniques.


Idaho National Laboratory excels in sensor and platform testing, validation and demonstration. With hundreds of square miles of open terrain, a secure border and a state-of-the-art wireless test bed, INL is a prime location to test UAS.


Specific Manufacturing Capability

Since 1984, INL’s Specific Manufacturing Capability (SMC) has been the lead manufacturer of armor packages for the U.S. Army’s Abrams main battle tank. SMC has the ability to provide independent technical evaluations and solutions to manufacturing, engineering, and material science for a variety of programs and customers.

SMC is designated as the Abrams Armor Center of Excellence.

Idaho National Laboratory