Sustainability at INL


INL is integrating sustainability performance improvements in the areas that matter most to its stakeholders, including minimizing the environmental footprint, taking a progressive approach to mitigating climate change, and championing energy conservation.

The challenge of implementing sustainability is to minimize the impact to operations while increasing the health and viability of the laboratory.




The climate change happening now, due in large part to human activities, is expected to continue in the future. INL and experts at the University of Idaho used a common framework for assessing vulnerability that considers exposure (future climate change), sensitivity (system or component responses to climate), impact (exposure combined with sensitivity), and adaptive capacity (capability of INL to modify operations to minimize climate change impacts) to assess vulnerability.



Energy conservation used to mean turning down the thermostat and turning off the lights and was viewed as an inconvenience rather than good business. Energy efficiency does not mean reducing energy usage, it means eliminating energy waste.

Sustainable buildings, also known as high-performance buildings or green buildings, are structures that minimize the impact on the environment by using less energy and water, reducing solid waste and pollutants, and limiting the depletion of natural resources. An example of INL’s sustainable building effort is the Energy Innovation Laboratory (below) which recently received LEED Platinum certification.

As INL missions expand, we will naturally use more energy to power additional work, however, we will strive to use only what we need so we can become a more sustainable lab.



INL is actively pursuing E 85, E-10, B20 and LNG fuel usage. INL has increased the availability of E 85 and mandated its use while continuing to monitor B20 fuel quality for use in the INL bus fleet throughout the year and across varied climate conditions.

INL developed and implemented a project to convert six INL-owned buses to a dual fuel configuration, allowing them to run on both diesel/B20 and LNG.


The remoteness of INL’s desert site and great distances between facilities presents significant transportation needs. A mass transit system at INL was established in 1953 and today uses over 90 buses to regularly transport INL employees to and from the desert site.



Water conservation usually conjures up images of places like Arizona or Death Valley, California. And even though many think of Idaho as having plenty of water, INL’s location is classified as high desert.

Conserving water not only protects the aquifer, it also saves energy. Energy is required to pump water, to treat the water for drinking, to dispose of the waste water, and to then treat the waste water. And energy costs money.


The goal of INL’s recycling program is to reduce materials headed for the landfill and the consumption of raw materials, while also meeting Executive Orders 13423 and 13514 and DOE Order 436.1, “Departmental Sustainability.”

Contact Information

Janelle McPherson

Phone: (208) 526-5304

Idaho National Laboratory