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Getting INL to net-zero carbon emissions by 2031? Audacious but doable

November 22, 2021

By Donna Kemp Spangler

Daunting tasks are nothing new for Jhansi Kandasamy, and her remarkable record of accomplishments over three decades suggests she is quite often the first to succeed where others fall short.

“I like to be the first,” she said with a laugh.

Her latest first? She was recently named Idaho National Laboratory’s net-zero director, and she’s charged with achieving net-zero carbon emissions for INL within the next 10 years. She ambitiously plans to be 75% toward that goal within the next five years.

INL Director John Wagner announced the Net-Zero initiative on Earth Day 2021, and he acknowledged it won’t be easy.

“I understand this is an audacious goal,” he said in the announcement. “But overcoming significant national challenges is exactly what national laboratories were established to do.”

Wagner expressed confidence that INL’s capabilities, resources and staff will achieve net-zero carbon emissions and “set the example for national laboratories, government agencies, and the private sector.”

Leadership turned to Kandasamy, who at the time was vice president of Engineering Services Nuclear at GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy, a position she held since 2015. She also happens to serve on INL’s Materials and Fuels Complex Strategic Advisory Council.

As a 30-year veteran of the nuclear industry, she has done everything from being an electrical system engineer with Exelon’s PECO, Pennsylvania’s largest electric and natural gas energy company to being a regulatory assurance manager at Exelon’s Oyster Creek Generating Station, and work management director at the Hope Creek Generating Station.

Key to Success: relationship building

Jhansi Kandasamy

Since starting her new job Oct. 11, Kandasamy has dived into INL’s long-term asset management plans. She knows the net-zero goal is challenging, but it’s doable. Some strategies are straightforward, like replacing carbon-emitting diesel generators with carbon-free electrical sources and converting INL’s transportation fleet – including dozens of diesel-powered buses – to electric- or hydrogen-fueled vehicles.

She is laser-focused on getting the infrastructure in place within five years and thinks that can be accomplished by partnering with others with similar goals to speed things up.

“I think there’s a lot of work done already to get us to this point,” she said. “Our efforts will help the local communities as well as the region.”

Kandasamy has a knack for getting people behind her vision and making things happen sooner rather than later. And people are motivated by a common cause: a carbon-free future.

Todd Combs, INL’s associate laboratory director for Energy and Environment Science and Technology, is confident she’s the one to get it done.

“We have developed a general plan to take the lab to net-zero by 2031,” he said. “We now need someone to take the plan, fill in the details, and execute it.”

Born to break barriers

Kandasamy was 8 years old when she came to the United States from India with her family, settling in Pennsylvania where her father was working on his third master’s degree in mechanical engineering; he later taught thermodynamics at Villanova University.

Kandasamy’s father inspired his daughter to dream big, encouraging her to become a nuclear engineer. She eventually graduated with a degree in electrical engineering from Pennsylvania State University and remembers being the only woman in her engineering class. She later received a Master of Business Administration from Eastern University.

Her earliest foray into nuclear energy was as a college intern working as an electrical engineer at the Limerick Generating Station, an 1,100-megawatt nuclear power plant near her home outside Philadelphia. She later became a certified senior reactor operator at that plant.

Throughout her career, she eagerly accepted challenges, defying preconceived notions about women in science.

In one instance, at Exelon’s Oyster Creek Generating Station, she was handed an impossible job: Turn around a struggling chemistry department featuring workers with low morale who had endured eight managers in five years.

A recipe for failure? Not in her mind.

“I told my manager that I had zero knowledge of what they did,” she said. “I took chemistry 101 as a freshman in college and you want me to lead this group? He said, ‘it’s not knowing the technical part of what they do. It’s about your leadership skills and it’s how you work with different people.’”

Within 18 months, the struggling department led the way to become the best in Exelon’s fleet of power plants.

“I built relationships,” she said. She empowered workers to get the job done and in return gave them pride in their accomplishments.

Continuing a legacy

Kandasamy is paying forward her father’s passion for education as a vehicle to enrich lives. Her daughter is a neuropsychologist, and her son is a sommelier and master chef.

But her passion extends beyond her blood ties.

She is most proud of her work with U.S. WIN (Women in Nuclear), an 8,000-plus member organization. She served as chair for the national organization that helped start Nuclear Executives of Tomorrow, a leadership development program for woman a year or two from becoming executives themselves. Most of the graduates have been promoted to executive positions.

She initiated the oversight committee for the U.S. WIN, Equity and Inclusion task force, which drives the national agenda and sets national strategy and goals for WIN.

“I’m pretty proud of what this organization has accomplished and continues to do for the industry,” she said. She is now actively engaged in Women in Nuclear Global.

Kandasamy has always championed women in science.

“My experiences as the only female at a nuclear power plant for many years has contributed to my leadership style,” she said.

Her passion for gender inclusivity was inspired by her father, who two decades ago started a college in a village in southern India to help underprivileged men and women in India succeed through education. Kandasamy took over as chair and president of the college after her father died last year.

Proud to be at INL

She knows her father would have been excited about her choice to take the INL job. She remembers in years past he would send her articles about the nation’s first power plant in Idaho, research being conducted and the many innovations at INL.

“I’m excited and thrilled to be here,” she said. “INL’s mission, vision and values are mine as well. Excellence, integrity, safety, teamwork and inclusivity.

“I like to make things happen. I love a challenge and I would tell you almost every job that I’ve had somebody tapped me on the shoulder and said, ‘Hey, we’d like you to do this job.’ That pushed me to excel and work harder to be the best.”




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About Idaho National Laboratory

Battelle Energy Alliance manages INL for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. INL is the nation’s center for nuclear energy research and development, celebrating 75 years of scientific innovations in 2024. The laboratory performs research in each of DOE’s strategic goal areas: energy, national security, science and the environment. 

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Posted November 22, 2021

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