1983 An Energy StorageTesting Laboratory is established for testing full-size electric vehicle batteries for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Electric and HybridVehicle Program.The following year, the DOE ElectricVehicle Center was dedicated in Idaho for electric vehicle dynamometer and road testing. 1986 In a landmark test, Experimental Breeder Reactor-II demonstrated that nuclear power plants could be designed to be inherently safe from severe accidents. From 1969 until 1994, EBR-II produced almost half of the electricity needed for test site operations. 1998 The lab’s award-winning Electro-Optic High-Voltage Sensor, a small nonelectrical optical sensor that uses photons instead of electrons to measure high voltages on power lines, offered substantial performance improvements over existing technologies in terms of cost, ease of installation and extent of potential applications.* 1996 INL researcher discovered a new class of nanostructured steel material, which became the basis for a new class of steel. In 2002, NanoSteel formed as a successful startup company that operates to this day.* 1993 INL introduced the Biocube, a biofilter that can remove hydrogen sulfide, volatile organic compounds, NOx and SOx from industrial off-gas streams. 1992 The Portable Isotopic Neutron Spectroscopy Chemical Assay System was internationally recognized for its ability to function as a nondestructive assay system capable of distinguishing between chemical weapons and high-explosive munitions.* 2000 Collaborative effort with the Khlopin Radium Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia, developed Universal Solvent Extraction (UNEX) process for simultaneous separation of cesium, strontium and actinides in acidic high- activity tank waste. 2002 TheMicroLaserUltrasonicBondDetection System,aproductthatquicklyand preciselymeasuresthestrengthoftiny connectionsbetweenmicrochipsand theircircuits,wasdevelopedbyINLanda privatecompany.Thesystemincreasesthe qualityofhigh-performanceelectronics, includingthoseusedinweaponry,space andmedicalapplications,whilecutting thecostofproduction.* 2003 Partnership with Arizona Public Service created the first U.S. hydrogen production and dispensing station to support testing of internal combustion vehicles that operate on 100 percent hydrogen and blends of hydrogen and compressed natural gas.